Urbanization has Demanded Urban Basic Services

Urbanization is characterized by increased demand for urban basic services such as drinking water and sanitation facilities.

Sensible Higher Education Structures Make Possible Successful Student Learning

The managerial approach to higher education governance has been around for the last 20 years or so. One aspect of managerialism is the centralization of decision-making. In itself, centralization is not necessarily a bad thing. It can create efficiencies and result in more effective decision-making.  However, when the structure results in a divide between the academic and administrative areas, the ones who can suffer most are the students.